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- Class 101 Rods & Reels
- Class 1012 Fishing With Kids
- Class 1013 Trout Economy
- Class 1015 Fish Hook Removal
- Class 102 What to Take
- Class 1025 Types of Trout Streams
- Class 103 Bait & Lures
- Class 123 Artificial Lures
- Class 104 Basic Knots
- Class 105 Catching Trout
- Class 1051 Catch and Release
- Class 1052 Double Team
- Class 106 Handling Trout
- Class 107 Beginning Fly Fishing
- Class 201 Fly Rod/Reels
- Class 202 Fly Lines.
- Class 204 J Knot
- Class 205 Types of Casts.
- Class 2051 Weather Affects
- Class 2052 Winter Trout Fishing
- Class 2053 Mending The Fly Line
- Class 206 What Can Trout See
- Class 2061 How Trout Spawn
- Class 217 Fly Fishing Slingshotting Style
- Class 227 Cast Accuracy
- Class 237 Cast Mechanics
- Class 301 Introduction to Mayflies
- Class 302 Fly Tying for Trout
- Class 3021 Matching the Hatch
- Class 3022 Fly Tying Dry Flies
- Class 3023 Fly Tying Nymphs
- Class 3024 Fly Tying Streamers
- Class 303 Nymphing
- Class 3031 Fishing with Midges
- Class 3033 High Sticking
- Class 3035 Czech Nymphing
- Class 313 Catch Big Trout
- Class 3131 Night Fishing for Trout
- Class 347 Trout Prospects
- Class 357 Trout Streams
- Class 367 Trout Springs
- Class 3677 Trout Habitat
- Graduate Level
- Class 401 Improve Your Trout Photos
- Class 402 Furled Leaders Intro.
- Class 403 Strike Indicators
- Class 406 Color Vision in Trout Eyes
- Class 412 Protecting Trout Waters
- Class 413 How to Make a Trout Video
- Class 422 Exploring Casting Methods
- Class 427 Good vs. Poor Trout Streams
- Class 4221 Casting Upstream in Large Rivers
- Class 4271 Fishing Fertile and Infertile Streams
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Trout Fishing with Artificial Lures
Class Code: 123
Skill Level: Beginner
This class is to build upon what the student has learned in Class 103 Baits & Lures. It is primarily for those using a spinning or spincast outfit, but can be beneficial to a fly fisherman as well. The student will learn the basic types of lures including the top artificial lures for trout, artificail flies. After completion of this class, the student will know how to select and use the various lures that are available.
There have been a number of studies by Field & Stream as well as other organizations over the years trying to identify the best lures to use for trout. We have listed what we consider to be the best or top 5 lures in the “Trout Fishing Top 5 Lists” on the home page. They are as follows: Rooster Tails, Panther Martin, Mepps Aglia, CountDown Rapala and Berkley Power Bait. Those 5 top lures can be found in the following detailed discussions of the primary basic types of lures. They are in-line spinners, plugs, plastic imitations, and spoons.
The in-line spinners are Rooster Tail, Mepps Aglia, Panther Martin, Blue Fox and other variations as well. I will start with the Rooster Tail as a representative sample of the in-line spinners. They come in a variety of sizes, however, the most common sizes for trout are 1/16, 1/8, 1/6 and ¼ ounces each. In the small streams, use the light weights and in the larger pools or streams, use the 1/6 or ¼ ounce lures. They are offered in silver, gold, black and yellow blades and the barrel colors are intended to match trout colors. They have many colors for the tails as well. The manufacturers have provided such a wide variety, I suspect, to attract the trout fisherman more than the trout. The most important thing to remember is the blade color. Silver blades are recommended for bright days, and on overcast days use the brass blades. As for the body or barrel colors, the yellow or black is recommended for the browns and the white or rainbow colors for the rainbow or brook trout. (To keep it simple, and because each store or outfitter has a limited selection, I generally keep only 3 or 4 different spinners in my tackle box.) Experiment with the retrieve each outing to see which one works best on that particular day. Start with a steady retrieve and then occasionally pause it or twitch it. If the trout are especially stubborn, try jigging it or crawling it along the bottom. Most of the spinners will come with a treble hook. If you practice catch and release and do not want to injure the fish more than necessary, take the side cutter pliers and clip off two of the hooks leaving only one. Also, on some streams, the fishing regulations will allow only one hook.
1/8 oz. Rooster Tails
The next type to consider is what often is referred to as plugs. They are lures made to resemble bait fish, and or terrestrials, and they are very effective, especially on the larger streams or pools. They come in a variety of forms, such as rainbow trout, brown trout, crawfish, crickets, etc. However, it is generally agreed that the count down Rapalas in the rainbow or brown trout patterns are the best. They consistently reach suspended fish at any depth with the CountDown method. The controlled depth technique was introduced to the world with this lure, and to this day is the standard by which all others are measured. Whether the trout are suspended at certain depths near, rocks or ledges, the CountDown can get you to them over and over. The CDO5 or the CDO7 are the most popular sizes for trout. To modify these lures for catch and release trout fishing, remove both of the treble hooks and replace the tail hook with a single hook, a split ring may be required.
Rapala CDO5 in Brown Trout pattern, shown below.
The soft plastic imitations, again, come in a variety of types and sizes such as curley tail grubs, white mini-jigs, plastic worms, and tube baits. Soft plastic imitations have not proven to be effective; however, many fishermen have had spectacular results using the tube baits to catch some of the larger brown trout especially on larger pools or lakes. The Berkley fluorescent nibbles or salmon eggs have been a favorite among trout fishermen for several years and they are effective in small streams as well. They are usually available in the pink or orange types, with the pink being a favorite color. Most of these imitations are used with a lead head jig hook so they can reach the bottom.
White Grub Typical Tube Bait Berkley Power Bait -Bitsey Trout Nibbles
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for rigging and fishing these particular baits.
Spoons have been a favorite among trout fishermen for over 50 years. In the field and Stream’s list of the top fifty lures, or any other list of top lures, Al’s Original in gold and Acme’s Little Cleo can be found there. They are produced in a variety of sizes and colors. For trout, the recommendation is to fish the 1/16 ounce for the smaller streams and move up to the 1/8 or ¼ ounce models for the larger streams or lakes. Again, for the catch and release of trout, it is suggested that the treble hooks be replaced by single hooks. When fishing, keep the movement realistic and remember to use a dark colored lure for overcast or low light conditions and to use the light colors or silver lures on bright days.